Music Theory

What is music theory? Simply put, music theory is the science and math behind music. It examines the relationships of notes and rhythms and attempts to explain how music works. Knowing how music works, helps us become better musicians and how to perform more musically. Check out if you are interested in learning more about music theory.

This is a great resource for introducing yourself to the basic concepts!

The Basics

  1. The Staff, Clefs, and Ledger Lines
  2. Note Duration
  3. Measures and Time Signature
  4. Rest Duration
  5. Dots and Ties
  6. Steps and Accidentals

Rhythm and Meter

  1. Simple and Compound Meter
  2. Odd Meter

Scales and Key Signatures

  1. The Major Scale
  2. The Minor Scales
  3. Scale Degrees
  4. Key Signatures


  1. Generic Intervals
  2. Specific Intervals


  1. Introduction to Chords
  2. Seventh Chords

You can test out your new knowledge with the exercises listed below!

Piano Keys

White Keys

Black Keys (sharps)

Black Keys (flats)

White and Black Keys

Key Signatures




Generic Intervals

Treble Clef

Bass Clef